ContactMap: Organizing communication in a social desktop
|Title||ContactMap: Organizing communication in a social desktop|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Whittaker, S., Jones Q., Nardi B., Creech M., Terveen L., Isaacs E., and Hainsworth J.|
|Journal Title||ACM Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction|
|Keywords||Email, Human-computer interaction, instant messaging, interpersonal communication, iterative user-centered design, personal information management, personal social desktop, social data mining, social reminding, visualization|
Modern work is a highly social process, offering many cues for people to organize communication and access information. Shared physical workplaces provide natural support for tasks such as (a) <i>social reminding</i> about communication commitments and keeping track of collaborators and friends, and (b) <i>social data mining</i> of local expertise for advice and information. However, many people now collaborate remotely using tools such as email and voicemail. Our field studies show that these tools do not provide the social cues needed for group work processes. In part, this is because the tools are organized around <i>messages</i>, rather than <i>people</i>. In response to this problem, we created ContactMap, a system that makes <i>people</i> the primary unit of interaction. ContactMap provides a structured social desktop representation of users' important contacts that directly supports social reminding and social data mining. We conducted an empirical evaluation of ContactMap, comparing it with traditional email systems, on tasks suggested by our fieldwork. Users performed better with ContactMap and preferred ContactMap for the majority of these tasks. We discuss future enhancements of our system and the implications of these results for future communication interfaces and for theories of mediated communication.